Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank from the four choices marked A, B, C or D and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Public officials and candidates for public offices routinely use public opinion polls to keep(31)of what the people are thinking. An important question is the degree to which these polls should guide leaders(32)their actions. There are arguments for and against the use of polls as the basis for policy(33).
Polls can contribute to effective government by keeping political leaders from getting too far(34)line with the public’s thinking. In a democratic society, the effectives of a public policy depends on the extent of its public(35). When a policy is contrary to the public’s desires, people may choose to(36)or undermined it, thus making it counterproductive or inefficient. Furthermore, when government(37)a course of action with which a large proportion of the public disagrees, it(38)a loss of public confidence, which can have a negative effect on its ability to lead. The Reagan administration, flying high from 1981 to 1985, was brought low in 1986 by public reaction to news of its secret sales of weapons to Iran. The administration had not paid(39)attention to polls that had revealed the deep antagonism Americans still felt toward Iran because the Ayatollah Khomeini’s regime had held three American hostages.
However, leaders can also do a disservice to the public they represent by using poll results as a(40)for policy judgment. Effective government, as Walter Lippmann wrote, cannot be conducted by legislators and officials who, when a question is presented, ask themselves first and last not what is the truth and which is the right and necessary course.
1.A、 trace B、 trade C、 track D、 trap
2.A、 with B、 to C、 for D、 in