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2021考研英语二完形填空真题及答案

责编:杨曼婷 2021-06-27

以下是希赛网整理的2021年考研英语二完形填空真题及答案,供各位备考时参考。

Section I  Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

    It's not difficult to set targets for staff.It is much harder,_1_ to understand their negative consequences. Most work-related behaviors have multiple components. 2_ one and the other become distorted.

    Travel on a London bus and you'll_3_ see how this works with drivers. Watch people get on and show their tickets.Are they are carefully inspected? Never.Do people get on without paying? Of course! Are there inspectors to 4 that people have paid? Possibly,but very few. And people who run for the bus? They are 5 . How about jumping lights? Buses do so almost as frequently as cyclists.

    Why Because the target is _6_.People complained that buses were late and infrequent,_7_,the number of buses and bus lanes were increased,and drivers were_8_ or punished according to the time they took.And drivers hit their targets. But they _9_ cyclists.If the target was changed to_10_,you would have more inspectors and more sensitive pricing. If the criterion changed to safety, you would get more __11_ drivers who obeyed traffic laws. But both these criteria would be at the expense of time.

    There is another_12_:people become immensely inventive in hitting targets. Have you 13_ that you can leave on a fight an hour late but still arrive on time? Tailwind? Of course not!Airlines have simply changed the time a _14_ is meant to take.A one-hour flight is now billed as a two-hour flight .

    The _15_ of the story is simple,Most jobs are multidimensional with multiple criteria. Choose one criterion and you may well_16_others.Everything can be done faster and made cheaper, but there is a_17_ .Setting targets can and does have unforeseen consequences

    This is not an argument against target-setting.But it is an argument for exploring consequences first.All good targets should have multiple criteria_18_ critical factors such as time,money,quality and customer feedback.The trick is not to_19_just one or even two dimensions of the objective, but also to understand bow to help people better_20_ the objective .

1. A.therefore B.however C.again D.moreover

2. A.Emphasize B.Identify C.Assess D.Explain

3. A.nearly B.curiously C.eagerly D.quickly

4. A.claim B.prove C.check D.recall

5. A.threatened B.ignored C.mocked D.blamed

6. A.punctuality B.hospitality C.competition D.innovation

7. A.Yet B.So C.Besides D.Still

8. A.hired B.trained C.rewarded D.grouped

9. A.only B.rather C.once D.also

10. A.comfort B.revenue C.efficiency D.security

11. A.friendly B.quiet C.cautious D.diligent

12. A.purpose B.problem C.prejudice D.policy

13. A.reported B.revealed C.admitted D.noticed

14. A.break B.trip C.departure D.transfer

15. A.moral B.background C.style D.form

16. A.interpret B.criticize C.sacrifice D.tolerate

17. A.task B.secret C.product D.cost

18. A.leading to B.calling for C.relating to D.accounting for

19. A.specify B.predict C.restore D.create

20.A.modify B. review C. present D.achieve

答案:1-5BADCB    6-10ABCDB    11-15CBDBB    16-20CDCAD

更多考研英语二真题,点击2005-2021年英语二真题及答案汇总

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